张子茉
姓名:张子茉
兴趣:现代美国诗歌和美国先锋派诗歌
个人介绍:

本科 (湖南大学)
研究生 (湖南大学)



论文题目: E.E.卡明斯诗歌中的神话解读
导师: 谭琼琳教授
研究时间: 2012年9月–2015年6月
电子邮箱:
307921729@qq.com

Abstract

     E. E. Cummings (1894-1962), an American poet, painter and playwright, is well-known as an avant-garde poet for the individuality of his poetry which is mainly characterized with irregular typography, distinctive diction and unusual syntax. The 20th century witnesses the transition from tradition to modernism, in which Cummings is also a traditional poet in writing lyrics with romanticism. He opposes rationalism and science, escapes from industrial society, and is extremely enthusiastic about nature, emotions, life and individuality. He believes that an essential difference exists between “the individual” and “mostpeople”.
      This thesis, based on German philosopher Ernst Cassirer’s theory about mythical thought, aims to uncover the mythical consciousness which is embedded in Cummings and his poetry. Cassirer states that people as symbolic animal, create a new diversified dimension of reality and live in it. The symbolic reality is the fundamental condition people rely on. As a prelogic symbolic system, myth affects and permeates human culture in every field, and will not dissolve due to the developing of theoretical thinking.
      According to these theories, this thesis will interpret Cummings and his poems mainly from three aspects: firstly, it will analyze two poetic techniques in mythical consciousness and appreciate the artistic effect he creates by applying the images from the substantiation of immediate experience as well as the eccentric word; secondly, it will discuss that Cummings inspired by the emotion-based mythical thoughts, is eager for returning to nature and thinking of the cycle from death to life in pursuit of eternity; at last, evolving from mythical consciousness, unity of two opposite concepts, articulation of space and time and individuality also have fully  developed in Cummings and his poems.
     Through a textual analysis and a comparative study from philosophy and poetics, this thesis contends that the innovative poems Cummings composed inherit a tradition with primitive romanticism and reflect a profound mythical consciousness.

Key words: E. E. Cummings; Ernst Cassirer; mythical thought

Contents

Abstract

Abbrievations

Introduction
     0.1 E. E. Cummings and His Complete Poems 1904- 1962
     0.2 Literature Review 2
     0.3 Ernst Cassirer and His Theoretical Principles of Mythical Thought
     0.4 Outline of the Thesis
Chapter 1 Mythical Consciousness in E. E. Cummings’s Poetry
     1.1 Chaos and Unity of Opposite Concepts
     1.2 Structure and Articulation of Time and Space
     1.3 Concept of the I and the Self
Chapter 2 Mythical Themes in E. E. Cummings’s Poetry
     2.1 Sublime Nature
     2.2 Intensive Emotions
     2.3 Death and Sacrifice
Chapter 3 Mythical Techniques in E. E. Cummings’s Poetry
     3.1 Substantiation of Immediate Experience
     3.2 Making of Magic Word
Conclusion
References
Appendix A 攻读学位期间所发表的学术论文
Appendix B 详细中文摘要
Acknowledgements


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